ΤΙΤΛΟΣ ΜΑΘΗΜΑΤΟΣ: ΤΕΧΝΟΛΟΓΙΑ ΚΑΙ ΔΙΑΧΕΙΡΙΣΗ ΥΓΡΩΝ ΑΠΟΒΛΗΤΩΝ Ι

COURSE UNIT TITLE:

SOLID WASTE TECHNOLOGY AND MANAGEMENT-Ι

COURSE UNIT CODE:

 

 

TYPE OF COURSE:

 

Compulsory

LEVEL OF COURSE:

 

1st cycle, General education

SEMESTER OF STUDY:

 

Third year, 6th semester

ECTS:

 

 

MODE OF DELIVERY:

Teaching is conducted using a combination of overhead transparencies and chalk board. Assigned textbooks are (1) the book of the instructor and (2) a free market text distributed by “Evdoxos”. Additional notes of the instructor and the design problems complementing the textbooks are placed in the electronic page of the course.

CONTACT TEACHING:

Two hours theory and 2 hours exercises

COURSE CONTENTS (per week):

  1. Introduction and evolution of solid waste management – definitions – operational systems of municipal solid waste (MSW) management – integrated MSW management – European and Greek legislation – European Waste Catalogue
  2. Production (sources, kinds) – production rates in Greece and the European Union – determination of production rates – qualitative and quantitative composition of MSW – hazardous waste content of MSW – importance of hazardous municipal waste on management of MSW
  3. Physical, chemical and biological characteristics of MSW – definitions – determination – their importance on MSW management – examples
  4. Temporary storage, separation and treatment at the source –recycling – design of a temporary storage system – environmental impact – examples
  5. Collection of municipal solid waste and material separated at the source – transport and transfer stations – environmental impact
  6. Design of a collection-transport system – examples  
  7. Size reduction – separation of MSW and materials recovery
  8. Facilities of mechanical separation and treatment – RDF production – mass balance – environmental impact – examples 
  9. Composting – method description – mass balance – technologies – design and operation parameters – environmental impact
  10. Composting – windrow design – closed reactor design – examples   
  11. Anaerobic treatment – method description – mass balance – technologies – environmental impact – design of wet and dry systems – energy production – examples. Biological drying – SRF production – the meaning of mechanical-biological treatment (MBT)
  12. Thermal treatment technologies (combustion, pyrolysis, gasification – definitions) – MSW mass burning systems – environmental impact – management of combustion residues – examples
  13. Mass burning – mass and energy balance – burner efficiency. Green house gases and their management

INSTRUCTOR:

Professor EVANGELOS VOUDRIAS (until spring semester 2015)

Associate Professor DIMITRIS KOMILIS (from spring semester 2016)

LABORATORY EXERCISES:

 

 

TEACHING ASSISTANTS:

 

ASSIGNED TEXTBOOKS:

 

  1. “Solid waste technology and management, volume I”, by Professor E. Voudrias, Editions of Democritus University of Thrace, Xanthi 2012 (in Greek).
  2. “Sustainable municipal solid waste management”, 2nd edition, by Professor D. Panagiotakopoulos, Editions Zygos, Thessaloniki 2007, ISBN: 960-8065-31-3 (in Greek).

PREREQUISITES:

Aquatic chemistry, Mathematics-I, Unit operations, Unit processes

LEARNING OUTCOMES AND AQUIRED SKILLS:

 

  1.   Knowledge-based

 

  • Understanding of the principles of science and technology, which constitute the basis of Integrated Municipal Solid Waste Management.
  • Familiarization with the European and Greek legislation, which deals with municipal solid waste management.
  • Approach of the solid waste management from the point of view of resource recovery, such as materials and energy.
  • Understanding of physical, chemical and biological characteristics of municipal solid waste and how they affect their management.
  • Deep understanding of the operation of the 4 of the 5 systems of MSW management, that is: (1) Production, (2) separation, temporary storage and treatment at the source, (3) collection, transport and transfer stations, (4) separation, treatment and transportation in a central facility. Sanitary landfilling is presented in a separate course.
  • Understanding of the methodology of basic design of the above management systems.

Understanding of the meaning of mechanical/biological treatment.

 

  1.   Skills/Competences aquired

 

  • Following the successful completion of this course, the student will be in a position to design, to evaluate and to combine the different management systems for MSW, which were mentioned above.
  • The student will be able to calculate the physical and chemical characteristics of the waste (e.g., moisture content, empirical chemical formula, calorific value) from the qualitative and quantitative waste composition.
  • The student will be able to calculate the number and size of the bins and transport vehicles for a particular area.
  • The student will be able to calculate the mass balance in operations of MSW management (e.g., materials recovery facilities).
  • The student will be able to conduct basic design of composting and anaerobic treatment facilities.
  • The student will be able to calculate the production of energy from facilities of anaerobic treatment and combustion of MSW.

 

ASSESSMENT METHODS:

There is a final written examination for evaluation of the students.

TEACHING LANGUAGE:

Greek

 

Contact

  • Address:Department of Environmental Engineering, 67100, Xanthi

  • Telephone: 30 25410 79109,79117,79112

  • Email: secr@env.duth.gr